Boundary Survey

A Boundary Survey is a survey that establishes the boundaries of a land parcel using its "legal description" and typically includes the setting of "monuments" to mark the corners of the property being surveyed on the ground. The legal description can be found on the deed that was used to "convey" the parcel from one owner to another and is almost always recorded in the records of the County where the parcel is located.

Boundary Surveys require the surveyor to research existing recorded (and sometimes unrecorded) survey maps and title documents (deeds, title reports, agreements, etc.) to determine where the land parcel is "intended" to be located on the ground. In some cases prior records were poorly prepared and may even contain errors that created "gaps" or "overlaps" in the record. As these errors were never intended, the Land Surveyors responsibility is to attempt to resolve them by determining what mathematical and/or typographical blunders are contained in the record(s) and comparing that information to evidence recovered in the field. In rare cases the "intent" of the original surveys cannot be determined and the Surveyor can only offer an opinion as to where he or she believes the parcel is located on the ground. In these rare cases the Surveyor can assist with discussions between the affected property owners (adjoiners) to resolve the discrepancies and prepare correcting descriptions and/or maps. If two (or more) affected property owners cannot agree on the position of the parcel(s), a final determination can only be adjudicated by taking the matter to Court and having a Judge rule on it. In those circumstances the Land Surveyor can appear in Court and act as an Expert Witness to explain to the Judge their findings in layman's terms, often through the use of colorful Exhibits prepared specifically for the case.