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Subdivision Plat

Subdivision platting is the process of splitting one larger piece of land into several smaller pieces of land. Generally, this plat, or map, is drawn and then recorded with the County in which the larger piece is situated. The plat is then referenced to create new deed descriptions which allow the owner of the larger piece to sell the smaller pieces. These pieces of land can be built upon before being sold as in the case of a home builder, or the smaller parcels can be sold as raw land ready for development by the future owner. Although a subdivision may be made for any purpose, it is almost always done for the purpose of selling the individual lots of land. It is very common to subdivide the land for the purpose of building a single house on each new lot to create a new neighborhood, often termed a “subdivision”. The plat will depict the size and configuration of the parent (large) parcel as well as the dimensions and locations of the new (smaller) parcels. After the plat is filed, the legal description of each piece of land often refers to block and lot numbers, rather than other surveying terminology such as portions of sections.

The Plat will also typically depict new roads and easements that will be created to allow access to, and service the new lots. Depending on the nature of the site, governing body requirements, and builder requests, the plat may also depict or outline items such as parks, open spaces, walking trails, paths, areas needed for flood protection, or other public uses and additional Covenants, Conditions and Restrictions (CC&R's).

Usually, the creation of a subdivision plat is done by a land surveyor who has been hired by the developer who will be building upon the land once the plat is approved. This may be the original owner of the land, or an individual or company who has purchased the land strictly for the purpose of subdividing it.

In order for the plat to become legally valid in most jurisdictions, a local governing body such as an urban planning commission or zoning board must generally review and approve the plat map. This board will ensure that the plat map follows all applicable laws and restrictions. There are many variations between cities, counties and states in the requirements for land subdivision that must be considered and often these requirements will not only require additional surveying services such as a Site Planning Survey but also many different design elements such as Utility Plans, Architectural Plans, Grading Plans and other plans that will need to be provided by different design professionals such as a Civil Engineer or Architect.

If you are contemplating subdividing your property, we can handle all the Land Surveying related tasks and work with you to determine what additional design plans will be required. We also have a great relationship with many other design professionals and can recommend the ones we feel would be the best compliment to our team.


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